Dohány Street Jewish Cemetery
Budapest, VII. Dohány u. 2.
It is not traditional to have a cemetery next to a synagouge, the establishment of the 3000 m2 cemetery was a result of the historical circumstances. In 1944, as a part of the Eichmann-plan, 70.000 Jews were relocated to the Ghetto of Pest. Until 18th of January, 1945, when the Russians liberated the ghetto, around 8-10.000 people had died, altough, one part of the deceaseds were transferred to the Kozma Street Cemetery, but 2.000 people were buried in this makeshift cemetery. In memory of the deceased people, behind the Synagouge, in the Raoul Wallenberg Memorial Park, the sculpture of Imre Varga, depicting a weeping willow, stands with the names and tattoo numbers of the lost and disappeared people.
Kozma Street Jewish Cemetery
Budapest, X. Kozma u. 6
Hungary’ largest Jewish cemetery, which was created together with the establishment of the New Public Cemetery. Here lie the elite of Budapest’s Jewry, dignitaries of religious, cultural and artistic life. However, the row of Mausoleums next to the wall of the Kozma Street Cemetery, is a unique landmark, as the tombs were designed by famous architects. The monumental, white mortuary was built in 1891 according to the plans of William Freund, the lions at the entrance are connected to Alajos Stróbl. In 1949 the Holocaust-memorial was created according to the plans of Alfréd Hajós, on its stone pylons the names of thousands of victims can be read.
Jewish Cemetery in Aquincum (Old Buda)
Budapest, III. Külső Bécsi út 369.
The cemetery was opened by the Jewish community in 1922. The opening speech was held by Ignác Schreiber, a young rabbi, who said the following words in his speech: „Who will be the first to die? A simple person, or a great person?” It was an irony that 3 days after the opening of the cemetery, Schreiber had a traffic accident, so he was the first, who was buried here. Later the ashes of Mózes Müncz, Gyula Wellesz and Gyula Klein, Chief Rabbis of Aquincum were brought here. The tomb of Mózes Müncz is a significant place of pilgrimage, a lot of people visit it from abroad as well. However, people of the orthodox faith do not go close to the tomb, they pray behind the fence, from the street. In the cemetery, there can be found the tombs of the Maros Street Hospital’s 149 victims, who were murdered by the members of the Hungarian arrow-cross army, patients, doctors and nurses alike. Furthermore, here lie some of the reknowned artists and scientifists, for instance the victim of fascism, writer Endre Andor Gelléri, and the internationally famous psychologist, Ferenc Mérei, too