Lipot Baumhorn

Hungarian synagogue-architecture

Architect, the biggest personality of the Hungarian synagogue-architecture

His birth concured with the emancipation of the Hungarian Jewry. Between 1883 – 1894 he was working in Pártos andLechner’s designing office. Lechner’s eclectic composing-style influenced his style. His creative work, lasting for long decades, were basically filled with planning and building synagogues.
The Esztergom, Temesvár, Szolnok, Fiume and Szeged Synagogues are in connection with his name.

The Szeged Synagogue
Address: 6700 Szeged, Gutenberg u. 13.
Phone: +36 62 423 849

The Szeged Synagogue is Hungary’s second, and the world’s 4th biggest synagogue. Its construction took 2 years (1900-1902) to complete. The immense, 48,5 metres high building was built in Moorish-Art Nouveau style: its Baroque cupola represents the Byzantin, above the organ the ribbed form the Gothic, and the gallery supports the Roman style. The synagogue’s most beautiful part is the inner cupola, symbolizing the world. Above the 4 marble pillars 4 Hebrew words mean the practice of the Torah, study and charity. The cupola drum’s 24 pillars symbolize the day’s 24 hours, above it, on blue background, the wild rose bush emblemetize faith. The neverending space’s experience concieve in the darkening blue stars of the glass-dome next to the greenish-brown decorative row of the vegetation in the cupola. The painted cupola window and most of the stained-glass windows were made in Miksa Róth’s workshop. The synagogue’s colourful, Art Nouveau ground floor and upper windows’ show the most important events of the Jewish community’s religion and history. Above the main entrance a memorial picture can be found: the Old Synagogue with a docked boat (referring to the flood of 1879 in Szeged), and next to it the image of the New Synagogue, planned by Baumhorn.