The Jewish religion
„The good, moral life on Earth”
The Jewish religion is one of the oldest religions in the World. Its history goes back to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Two main principles of Jewish religion are strict monotheism and the Torah, that is to keep divine laws. The Torah has a written and an oral part. According to tradition God revealed it to Moses at Mount Sinai, and he passed it on the Jewish people.
Jewish religion covers every aspect of life. It defines the right behaviour towards God, the way of praying, the rules of celebratin holidays and Sabbath (Saturday). Also includes the behavioral rules of individuals, bans killing, stealing, or adultery, and helps spiritual edification with right eating, moral or conjugal instructions. Despite all this there is no system of dogmas in Jewish religion, it does not determine in what to believe, but it requires to keep halacha codificated by rabbis and revealed by God. The aim of these regulations is to create a link between Heaven and Earth by the sacral behaviour. It does not aim to have a happy after life, but a good, moral life on Earth.
Judaism is not a typical religion, in the sense that it refers more to family and social life more than to the actual service. Synagogues are not called churches, because according to Jewish theory they are not holy places. The leader of religious life, the rabbi is also not a priest, but a teacher. As there are no dogmas in Jewish tradition there is no margin between believers and non believers.
The most well-known Jewish symbol the Kippah must be worn in Synagogues and Cemeteries even by non-Jews (married women must wear a kerchief). This is a basic sign of respect, just as the exact opposite rule in a Christian church. The very religious Jews wear the Kippah even during the meals.