Miklós Radnóti 
(1909-1944)
Poet, translator of literary works, the modern Hungarian lyre’s important representative.


He came from a civil Jewish family, his birth cost him his mother’s and his twin brother’s life, which he couldn’t really disregard. After studying abroad for a while, he continued his studies at the Szeged University, where he joined the village research work of „Youths of Szeged”. He lived on writing and translating. His translations are very comprehensive; most of the poems had been translated from from La Fontaine and Appollinaire. His first tome was published in 1930. In 1937, he got Baumgarten-prize, and thanks to it he was introduced to Pierre Robin, French poet. Because of his Jewish origin, since 1940, he had been sent to forced-labour almost constantly. He was writing his poems under German control, too, in 1944, in Serbia, Lager Heidenau. On 17th September, 1944 started his last journey. The poems in his diary was found in his jacket’s pocket during his exhumation. His tomb is among the nation’s famous people, in Fiumei.

I fell beside him and his corpse turned over,
tight already as a snapping string.
Shot in the neck. "And that's how you'll end too,"
I whisper to myself; "lie still; no moving.
Now patience flowers in death." Then I could hear
"Der springt noch auf," above, and very near.
Blood mixed with mud was drying on my ear.
(Szentkirályszabadja, 31. october 1944)
translated by Zsuzsanna Ozsváth and Frederick Turner

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Nemzeti Pantheon
Address:1086 Budapest, Fiumei út 16.
Phone: +36 1 323 5100

The Fiumei (or Kerepesi) Street Graveyard is one of the oldest – today is used - Christian graveyard in Budapest. The cemetery has been functioning for more than one and a half century, since the declaration to an adornment cemetery, as the political elite’s graveyard, too. Lajos Batthyány, Ferenc Deák, Lajos Kossuth lie here, but József Antall, the first democratic prime minister after communism, got his final resting place here in 1993. Till the 2nd World War, this cemetery was the most popular burial place of the elite of the country’s economical, social, scientific and artistic life. The list of the buried scientists, artists and tombs, designed by famous sculptors is immense. It is unique in Europe that piety museum functions in the graveyard. For guiding, previous check-in is required.



Novel from Péter Nádas in Miklós Jancsó's film



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